A unique missionary of Islam
In the context of appropriate religious leadership, the life of Maulana Dr. Ansari should act as en eye-opener for he was a multi-dimensional scholar, orator, missionary, teacher, author and spiritual leader. It was precisely because he integrated in himself these diverse qualities, that he exercised such a strong influence on the minds and hearts of Muslims and non-Muslims in many parts of the world, including Prime Ministers Scholars, thinkers, professors, Journalists, administrators, political leader, Ulama and Sufis, etc.
One of the most eloquent messages to be found in the outlook and life of this eminent son of Islam is that the type of training being provided to prospective Islamic leaders needs multidimensional overhauling, to endeavour to create spiritual enlightenment, intellectual illumination and moral refinement.
A theologian of rare calibre missionary of unique distinction, a scholar of multidimensional capabilities, a spiritual leader of recognised eminence, Maulana Dr. Ansari not only set a personal example for the Muslim Community but has also bequeathed to posterity his magnum opus “ The Quranic Foundation of Structure of Muslim Society” which being the outcome of his life along labours, deserves serious study be each and every Muslim.
Maulana Dr. Muhammad Fazlur Rahman Ansari was a great missionary and a roving ambassador of Islam. He was great philosopher, researcher, author of many books in English and Urdu, and Journalist. He was a highly learned person of East who was recognised by West also.
He was born in a religious family of Mozafar Nagar, UP province of combined Indo-Pakistan on 14th August, 1914 (i.e. 14th Shaban 1333). When he wan born, his maternal uncle Maulana Mushtaq Ahmed Anbetvi a devotee and follower of Chishtia Saberia School of Tasawwaf, saw his face and immediately gave him name as Fazlur Rahman. Maulana Mushtaq Ahmed Anbetvi was influenced by great learned scholar of that time namely Shah Fazlur Rahman of Gunj Muradabadi. His family tree leads to Hazrat Abu Ayoob Ansari (RA) of Madina-e-Munawwara, a great Sahabi at whose house the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stayed on his first arrival in Madina at the time of Hijrah.
The Child (Dr. Fazlur Rahman Ansari) memorized the Holy Quran at the age of 7 and in the 19th year finished Dars-e-Nizamia. After completion of his Darse Nizami and Intermediate, he left for Aligarh in 1933. He passed BA and BSc together from Aligarh University with flying colours and was awarded Gold Medal. Later he did MA in philosophy securing 98% marks, a University record which still holds un-challenged.
Dr. Fazlur Rahman Ansari, Alhamdolillah, remained under shadow of Fazl of Rahman-Allah. Allah Subhanahu Tala provided him two great Teachers. He read Post Dars-e-Nizamia through tutelage of Aala Hazrat Imam Al-Sharah Allama Syed Sulaman Ashraf and Modern Philosophy by Dr. Syed Zafarul Hassan and both the teachers were renowned and great personalities of their time.
Through out his student life he passed his all examinations in first class first. He graduated in 1935 with first class first division and received Gold Medal for standing first in BA and B.Sc examinations combined. He received Gold Medal for establishing a new record 98% in Philosophy B.A examination. He graduated first class first in B.Th (Bachelor of Theology) and passed M.A Philosophy in first class first. He himself covered independently the M.A courses in many subjects like Politics, Economics, Comparative study of religions and read widely Physical Sciences, like Mythology, History of Civilization and Culture, Law and Medicines especially Homoeopathy etc. and learnt German language.
In 1947 he completed research thesis of PhD but due to unfortunate circumstances of migration to Pakistan, his complete thesis was misplaced by his Research Director Dr. Syed Zaferul Hasan. However he was granted PhD degree in 1970 by the Karachi University for his thesis on the Islamic Moral Code and its Metaphysical background.
To shine the thought and increase religious fervour Allah Subhanahu Tala brought him in contact with Maulana Shah Abdul Aleem Siddiqui (RA) a Khalifa of Aala Hazrat Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan of Bareli (RA) and a great scholaristic personality of Islam of the time. He accepted him spiritually as his Mureed, and his disciple in Islamic Mysticism. Maulana Abdul Aleem Siddiqui gave him Ijaz (authority) in spiritual affairs within the Hateem of Kaba. He accepted him as his family member also and gave his eldest daughter and chose him as his son-in-law. After death of Hazrat Abdul Aleem Siddiqui (RA) he was appointed Raees-ul-Khalifa of Halqa-e-Aleemiyah Qaderiyah.
In 1944 Dr. Fazlur Rahman Ansari was selected as member of Education Planning Committee under the mandate given by the Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, which post he held until 1946.
Dr. Fazlur Rahman Ansari, besides learning of Islamic mysticism (Tasawwaf) by Shah Abdul Aleem Siddiqui (RA) travelled extensively far and wide. He started epoch making missionary tour as protégé of him. Every time he visited 15/20 countries and travelled seven times around the globe. Both roving ambassadors of Islam gathered Muslim community of the country visited at one platform and established the organization of that Muslim country to work more smoothly and effectively. He had the privilege to head several national and international Islamic Missions.
He wrote his first book under his Shaikh’s guidance namely “The Beacon Light” at the age of only 18 years. During his student life he wrote his second book “The Christian World in revolution”. After these books many other books were written like “Muhammad PBUH. “The Glory of Ages”, “Islam in Europe and America” etc He wrote about 40 books and booklets in Urdu and English. He edited various periodical of the country and abroad. In 1973 he wrote his last book which is volumous and master piece, namely “The Quranic Foundations and Structure of Muslim Society” in English and in two volumes. The book provides that System of Guidance in an elaborate manner, substantiating thoroughly the Quranic claim that it enshrines the “ex-position of everything (wherein humanity needs Divine Guidance)”.
Dr. Fazlur Rahman Ansari continued his efforts after the demise of his Murshid and united Muslim Missionaries/Organizations and federated them under banner and style of World Federation of Islamic Missions at Karachi, Pakistan in 1958 and established its headquarter namely Islamic Centre at North Nazimabad, B-Block, Karachi, Pakistan in 1964. The Islamic Centre consists of various educational and welfare Projects.
Aleemiyah Institute of Islamic Studies is one of its prime important projects where, beside of imparting religious education and missionary training, important secular subjects like Economics, Comparative study of religions, Journalism etc., are also taught. Because of his continuous effort and service to Islam and mankind, thousand of people converted to Islam.
In December 1973 he took final missionary tour to Seychelles and Srilanka and 1974 breathed his last on Monday, 3rd June, 1974 (11th Jamadi-ul-Awwal) at 10:30 a.m. He buried in the Islamic Centre compound May Allah Almighty shower His choicest blessing on this noble soul.